If you are using local naming (TNSNAMES.ORA file):
// - Make sure that "TNSNAMES" is listed as one of the values of the
// NAMES.DIRECTORY_PATH parameter in the Oracle Net profile
// - Verify that a TNSNAMES.ORA file exists and is in the proper
// directory and is accessible.
// - Check that the net service name used as the connect identifier
// exists in the TNSNAMES.ORA file.
// - Make sure there are no syntax errors anywhere in the TNSNAMES.ORA
// file. Look for unmatched parentheses or stray characters. Errors
// in a TNSNAMES.ORA file may make it unusable.