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C# 调用 java 写的webservice

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悬赏园豆:60 [待解决问题]

C#调用java 写的webservice   ,但是第一步 webservice 调用本地的WS :

  通过本地使用JAVA来调用WS打包成一个代理方法并发布到本地TOMCAT,再通过.net使用request的方法返回结果!基本思路就是这样!  这一步该怎么做

比岸灿烂的主页 比岸灿烂 | 初学一级 | 园豆:129
提问于:2015-04-01 17:44
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所有回答(5)
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C# 可以直接调用用任何语言编写的 Web Service。

Launcher | 园豆:45045 (高人七级) | 2015-04-01 17:50

Couldn't create SOAP message due to exception

支持(0) 反对(0) 比岸灿烂 | 园豆:129 (初学一级) | 2015-04-01 17:58

你java 中接口是怎么写的,可以提供我参考下啊?

支持(0) 反对(0) 比岸灿烂 | 园豆:129 (初学一级) | 2015-04-01 17:59

com.sun.xml.internal.ws.streaming.XMLStreamReaderException

支持(0) 反对(0) 比岸灿烂 | 园豆:129 (初学一级) | 2015-04-01 18:00

@比岸灿烂: 你要问的到底是 C# 如何调用 Web Service,还是如何用 Java 编写 Web Service?

支持(0) 反对(0) Launcher | 园豆:45045 (高人七级) | 2015-04-01 18:04

@Launcher: 这个不是相通的吗?

支持(0) 反对(0) 比岸灿烂 | 园豆:129 (初学一级) | 2015-04-01 18:08

@比岸灿烂: 是不是相通的,或者说我不理解你的“相通”的含义,我只能列出点差别:

1、C# 如何调用 Web Service

 使用 C# 语言,关注 Web Service 的客户端实现;

2、如何用 Java 编写 Web Service

使用 Java 语言,关注 Web Service 的服务端实现;

支持(0) 反对(0) Launcher | 园豆:45045 (高人七级) | 2015-04-02 08:39
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c#调用 java webservice

Google找到约 162,000 条结果

百度为您找到相关结果约1,460,000个

问天何必 | 园豆:3301 (老鸟四级) | 2015-04-01 19:01
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首先你要先引用webService,名称可以也自定义,你实例化后,传入需要的参数,调用开放的方法就可以返回你需要的值了

雨之秋水 | 园豆:645 (小虾三级) | 2015-04-02 12:41
0

C#动态编译调用WebService

1.配置

<configuration>
    <configSections>
        <section name="WebServiceConfiguration" type="Company.Commons.WebServiceConfiguration, Company.Commons"/>
    </configSections>
    <WebServiceConfiguration>
        <UrlCollection>
            <UrlElement Name="WebService1" Url="http://www.company.com/webservice" ClassName="webservice"/>
            <UrlElement Name="WebService2" Url="http://www.company.com/webservice2" ClassName="webservice2"/>
        </UrlCollection>
    </WebServiceConfiguration>
</configuration>
View Code

2.代码

using System;
using System.CodeDom;
using System.CodeDom.Compiler;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Configuration;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Text;
using System.Web.Services.Description;
using Newtonsoft.Json;

namespace Company.Commons
{

    #region WebService Register
    /// <summary>
    /// WebService单例注册类
    /// 这样的话,所有的WebService只用动态生成一次
    /// 不用每次调用的时候都要动态生成一次
    /// </summary>
    public class WebServiceRegister
    {
        private static readonly Lazy<WebServiceRegister> register = new Lazy<WebServiceRegister>(() => new WebServiceRegister());
        private WebServiceConfiguration Config { get; set; }
        private Dictionary<string, Lazy<WebServiceInvoke>> InvokeDic { get; set; }
        private WebServiceRegister()
        {
            Logging.Instance.Trace("WebServiceRegister");
            this.Config = WebServiceConfiguration.Config;
            this.InvokeDic = new Dictionary<string, Lazy<WebServiceInvoke>>();
            this.RegisterInvoke();
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 注册调用服务
        /// </summary>
        private void RegisterInvoke()
        {
            for (int i = 0; i < this.Config.UrlCollection.Count; i++)
            {
                UrlElement urlElement = this.Config.UrlCollection[i];
                Uri wsUrl = new Uri(urlElement.Url);
                Lazy<WebServiceInvoke> invoke = new Lazy<WebServiceInvoke>();
                if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(urlElement.ClassName))
                    invoke = new Lazy<WebServiceInvoke>(() => new WebServiceInvoke(wsUrl));
                else
                    invoke = new Lazy<WebServiceInvoke>(() => new WebServiceInvoke(wsUrl, urlElement.ClassName));
                this.InvokeDic.Add(urlElement.Name, invoke);
            }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 得到WebServiceRegister的单例对像
        /// </summary>
        public static WebServiceRegister Instance { get { return register.Value; } }
        /// <summary>
        /// 得到初始化的WebServiceInvoke
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="webServiceName"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public WebServiceInvoke GetInvoke(string urlElementName)
        {
            if (this.InvokeDic.ContainsKey(urlElementName))
                return this.InvokeDic[urlElementName].Value;
            else
                throw new Exception("config文件中没有找到对应此配置的数据:" + urlElementName);
        }
    }
    #endregion

    #region WebService动态调用帮助类
    /// <summary>
    /// WebService动态调用帮助类
    /// 调用的时候根据WebService的地址。动态生成调用的代理类
    /// </summary>
    public class WebServiceInvoke
    {
        public Assembly Client { get; set; }
        private string NameSpaceName { get; set; }
        private string WebServiceUrl { get; set; }
        private string CalssName { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 初始化WebService调用
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="appSettingName">配置WebService的Url的appSettings节点名称</param>
        public WebServiceInvoke(string appSettingName)
        {
            this.NameSpaceName = "IFCA.EPC.BL.EPCCommon";
            this.GetWebServiceUrl(appSettingName);
            this.GetWSClassName();
            this.InitWebService();
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 初始化WebService调用
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="appSettingName">配置WebService的Url的appSettings节点名称</param>
        /// <param name="className">
        /// 这个WebService初始化的类名
        /// wsdl:service节点的name值
        /// </param>
        public WebServiceInvoke(string appSettingName, string className)
            :this(appSettingName)
        {
            this.CalssName = className;
        }
        public WebServiceInvoke(Uri wsUrl)
        {
            this.NameSpaceName = "IFCA.EPC.BL.EPCCommon";
            this.WebServiceUrl = wsUrl.ToString();
            this.GetWSClassName();
            this.InitWebService();
        }
        public WebServiceInvoke(Uri wsUrl, string className)
            : this(wsUrl)
        {
            this.CalssName = className;
        }
        private void GetWebServiceUrl(string appSettingName)
        {
            this.WebServiceUrl = System.Configuration.ConfigurationManager.AppSettings[appSettingName];
            if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(this.WebServiceUrl)) throw new Exception(String.Format("Web.Config文件中,appSettings节点没有{0}配置内容", appSettingName));
        }
        /// <summary>   
        /// 获取WebService的类名   
        /// </summary>   
        /// <param name="wsUrl">WebService地址</param>   
        /// <returns>返回WebService的类名</returns>   
        private void GetWSClassName()
        {
            string[] parts = this.WebServiceUrl.Split('/');
            string[] pps = parts[parts.Length - 1].Split('.');
            string className = pps[0];
            this.CalssName = className;
        }
        private void InitWebService()
        {
            Logging.Instance.Trace(String.Format("InitWebService:{0}", this.WebServiceUrl));
            WebClient wc = new WebClient();
            Stream stream = wc.OpenRead(this.WebServiceUrl + "?wsdl");
            ServiceDescription sd = ServiceDescription.Read(stream);
            ServiceDescriptionImporter sdi = new ServiceDescriptionImporter();
            sdi.ProtocolName = "Soap";
            sdi.Style = ServiceDescriptionImportStyle.Client;    //生成客户端代理                        
            sdi.CodeGenerationOptions = System.Xml.Serialization.CodeGenerationOptions.GenerateProperties | System.Xml.Serialization.CodeGenerationOptions.GenerateNewAsync;
            sdi.AddServiceDescription(sd, "", "");//添加WSDL文档
            CodeNamespace cn = new CodeNamespace(this.NameSpaceName);

            //生成客户端代理类代码   
            CodeCompileUnit ccu = new CodeCompileUnit();
            ccu.Namespaces.Add(cn);
            sdi.Import(cn, ccu);
            //CSharpCodeProvider icc = new CSharpCodeProvider();
            //ICodeCompiler xxx = icc.CreateCompiler();
            CodeDomProvider icc = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("CSharp");
            //设定编译参数   
            CompilerParameters cplist = new CompilerParameters();
            cplist.GenerateExecutable = false;
            cplist.GenerateInMemory = true;
            cplist.ReferencedAssemblies.Add("System.dll");
            cplist.ReferencedAssemblies.Add("System.XML.dll");
            cplist.ReferencedAssemblies.Add("System.Web.Services.dll");
            cplist.ReferencedAssemblies.Add("System.Data.dll");

            //编译代理类   
            CompilerResults cr = icc.CompileAssemblyFromDom(cplist, ccu);
            if (cr.Errors.HasErrors)
            {
                System.Text.StringBuilder sb = new System.Text.StringBuilder();
                foreach (System.CodeDom.Compiler.CompilerError ce in cr.Errors)
                {
                    sb.Append(ce.ToString());
                    sb.Append(System.Environment.NewLine);
                }
                throw new Exception(sb.ToString());
            }
            //生成代理实例,并调用方法   
            this.Client = cr.CompiledAssembly;
            //Type[] x = this.Client.GetTypes();
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 调用
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="methodName">方法名</param>
        /// <param name="args">参数</param>
        /// <param name="soapHeader">soap的头信息</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private object Invoke(string methodName, object[] args, SoapHeader soapHeader = null)
        {
            Type t = this.Client.GetType(this.NameSpaceName + "." + this.CalssName, true, true);
            object obj = Activator.CreateInstance(t);

            #region soapheader信息
            PropertyInfo fieldHeader = null;
            object objHeader = null;
            if (soapHeader != null)
            {
                //fieldHeader = t.GetField(soapHeader.ClassName + "Value");
                //当前服务验证头的属性
                fieldHeader = t.GetProperty(soapHeader.ClassName + "Value");
                Type tHeader = this.Client.GetType(this.NameSpaceName + "." + soapHeader.ClassName);
                objHeader = Activator.CreateInstance(tHeader);
                foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> property in soapHeader.Properties)
                {
                    PropertyInfo p = tHeader.GetProperty(property.Key);
                    if (p != null) p.SetValue(objHeader, property.Value, null);
                }
            }
            if (soapHeader != null) fieldHeader.SetValue(obj, objHeader, null);
            #endregion

            System.Reflection.MethodInfo mi = t.GetMethod(methodName);
            object resultObj = mi.Invoke(obj, args);
            return resultObj;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 调用WebService
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="T">返回值的类型</typeparam>
        /// <param name="methodName">要调用WebService接口的方法名称</param>
        /// <param name="args">接口参数</param>
        /// <param name="soapHeader">soap头信息</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public T Invoke<T>(string methodName, object[] args, SoapHeader soapHeader = null)
            where T : class
        {
            T result = this.Invoke(methodName, args, soapHeader) as T;
            return result;
        }
    }
    #endregion

    #region WebService Configuration
    /// <summary>
    /// 在config中配置WebService的相关数据,用来注册第三方的WebServie
    /// </summary>
    public class WebServiceConfiguration : ConfigurationSection
    {
        public static WebServiceConfiguration Config
        {
            get
            {
                return ConfigurationManager.GetSection("WebServiceConfiguration") as WebServiceConfiguration;
            }
        }

        [ConfigurationProperty("UrlCollection", IsRequired = true, IsDefaultCollection = true)]
        public UrlElementCollection UrlCollection
        {
            get
            {
                return this["UrlCollection"] as UrlElementCollection;
            }
        }
    }
    public class UrlElementCollection : ConfigurationElementCollection
    {
        protected override ConfigurationElement CreateNewElement()
        {
            return new UrlElement();
        }

        protected override object GetElementKey(ConfigurationElement element)
        {
            UrlElement urlElement = element as UrlElement;
            return urlElement.Name;
        }
        protected override string ElementName
        {
            get
            {
                return "UrlElement";
            }
        }
        public override ConfigurationElementCollectionType CollectionType
        {
            get
            {
                return ConfigurationElementCollectionType.BasicMap;
            }
        }
        public UrlElement this[int index]
        {
            get
            {
                return (UrlElement)BaseGet(index);
            }
            set
            {
                if (BaseGet(index) != null)
                {
                    BaseRemoveAt(index);
                }
                BaseAdd(index, value);
            }
        }
    }
    /// <summary>
    /// 每个WebService的配置属性
    /// </summary>
    public class UrlElement : ConfigurationElement
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 名称(唯一值)
        /// </summary>
        [ConfigurationProperty("Name", IsRequired = true, IsKey = true)]
        public string Name { get { return this["Name"].ToString(); } }
        /// <summary>
        /// WebService URL地址
        /// </summary>
        [ConfigurationProperty("Url", IsRequired = true)]
        public string Url { get { return this["Url"].ToString(); } }
        /// <summary>
        /// 初始化的类名称
        /// 请参考WebService的WSDL文件(XML)中的(wsdl:service name="这个值")节点
        /// </summary>
        [ConfigurationProperty("ClassName", IsRequired = false)]
        public string ClassName { get { return this["ClassName"].ToString(); } }
        public override string ToString()
        {
            return String.Format("Name:{0} Url:{1} ClassName:{2}", this.Name, this.Url, this.ClassName);
        }
    }
    #endregion

    #region Model
    /// <summary>
    /// SOAP头
    /// </summary>
    public class SoapHeader
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 构造一个SOAP头
        /// </summary>
        public SoapHeader()
        {
            this.Properties = new Dictionary<string, object>();
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 构造一个SOAP头
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="className">SOAP头的类名</param>
        public SoapHeader(string className)
        {
            this.ClassName = className;
            this.Properties = new Dictionary<string, object>();
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 构造一个SOAP头
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="className">SOAP头的类名</param>
        /// <param name="properties">SOAP头的类属性名及属性值</param>
        public SoapHeader(string className, Dictionary<string, object> properties)
        {
            this.ClassName = className;
            this.Properties = properties;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// SOAP头的类名
        /// </summary>
        public string ClassName
        {
            get;
            set;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// SOAP头的类属性名及属性值
        /// </summary>
        public Dictionary<string, object> Properties
        {
            get;
            set;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 为SOAP头增加一个属性及值
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="name">SOAP头的类属性名</param>
        /// <param name="value">SOAP头的类属性值</param>
        public void AddProperty(string name, object value)
        {
            if (this.Properties == null)
            {
                this.Properties = new Dictionary<string, object>();
            }
            this.Properties.Add(name, value);
        }
    }
    #endregion
}
View Code

3.调用

public void TestWebServiceRegisterInvoke2()
        {
            WebServiceRegister register = WebServiceRegister.Instance;
            WebServiceInvoke helper = register.GetInvoke("WebService1");
            var dsm = new { ID = 1, Date = DateTime.Now };
            //构建WebService的参数实体
            var model = new { UserID = 1, Type = "Demo", JsonData = JsonConvert.SerializeObject(dsm) };
            object[] args = new object[] { JsonConvert.SerializeObject(model) };
            string resultString = helper.Invoke<string>("ProcessString", args);
            Assert.IsNotNull(resultString);
        }
View Code
Giant Liu | 园豆:888 (小虾三级) | 2015-05-22 17:06
0

web service本来就是与语言无关了。这个还有问题?我只见过报文不匹配的问题,没见过调不来的问题。你也是让我涨姿势了啊。

| 园豆:770 (小虾三级) | 2015-06-01 22:26
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