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WCF 远程服务器返回错误: (415)

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悬赏园豆:100 [待解决问题]

问题描述:

远程服务器返回错误: (415) Cannot process the message because the content type 'application/soap+xml; charset=utf-8' was not the expected type 'text/xml; charset=utf-8'.。

      针对这个问题已经百度尝试过,但还没有解决,希望知道的朋友给出解决方案或意见。谢谢。

服务端代码:

  <system.serviceModel>
    <services>
      <service name="UserApplicationService" behaviorConfiguration="CustomeBehavior">
        <endpoint address="" binding="wsHttpBinding" contract="UserApplicationService" bindingConfiguration="CustomWsHttpBinding" />
      </service>
    </services>
    <bindings>
      <wsHttpBinding>
        <binding name="CustomWsHttpBinding">
          <security mode="Message">
            <message clientCredentialType="Certificate" />
          </security>
        </binding>
      </wsHttpBinding>
    </bindings>
    <behaviors>
      <serviceBehaviors>
        <behavior name="CustomeBehavior">
          <serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="true" httpsGetEnabled="true"/>
          <serviceDebug includeExceptionDetailInFaults="true"/>
          <useRequestHeadersForMetadataAddress>
            <defaultPorts>
              <add scheme="http" port="8002" />
              <add scheme="https" port="8002" />
            </defaultPorts>
          </useRequestHeadersForMetadataAddress>
          <serviceCredentials>
            <clientCertificate>
              <authentication certificateValidationMode="None"/>
            </clientCertificate>
            <serviceCertificate findValue="ZZGJServer"  storeLocation="LocalMachine" storeName="My" x509FindType="FindBySubjectName" />
          </serviceCredentials>
        </behavior>
        <behavior name="">
          <!-- 为避免泄漏元数据信息,请在部署前将以下值设置为 false -->
          <serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="true" httpsGetEnabled="true"/>
          <!-- 要接收故障异常详细信息以进行调试,请将以下值设置为 true。在部署前设置为 false 以避免泄漏异常信息 -->
          <serviceDebug includeExceptionDetailInFaults="false"/>
        </behavior>
      </serviceBehaviors>
    </behaviors>
    <serviceHostingEnvironment aspNetCompatibilityEnabled="true" multipleSiteBindingsEnabled="true" />
  </system.serviceModel>
  <system.webServer>
    <modules runAllManagedModulesForAllRequests="true"/>
    <!--
        若要在调试过程中浏览 Web 应用程序根目录,请将下面的值设置为 True。
        在部署之前将该值设置为 False 可避免泄露 Web 应用程序文件夹信息。
      -->
    <directoryBrowse enabled="true"/>
  </system.webServer>

客户端代码:

 <system.serviceModel>
    <client>
      <endpoint address="http://localhost:13164/UserApplicationService.svc"
        behaviorConfiguration="CustomeBehavior" binding="wsHttpBinding"
        bindingConfiguration="CustomWsHttpBinding" contract="UserApplicationRemoteService.IUserApplicationService"
        name="BasicHttpBinding_IUserApplicationService" />
    </client>
    <bindings>
      <basicHttpBinding>
        <binding name="BasicHttpBinding_IUserApplicationService" />
      </basicHttpBinding>
      <wsHttpBinding>
        <binding name="CustomWsHttpBinding" messageEncoding="Text" textEncoding="utf-8">
          <security mode="None">
            <message clientCredentialType="Certificate" />
          </security>
        </binding>
      </wsHttpBinding>
    </bindings>
    <behaviors>
        <endpointBehaviors>
        <behavior name="CustomeBehavior">
          <clientCredentials>
            <clientCertificate findValue="ZZGJClient"  storeLocation="LocalMachine" storeName="My" x509FindType="FindBySubjectName" />
            <serviceCertificate>
            <authentication certificateValidationMode="None"/>
            </serviceCertificate>
        </clientCredentials>
        </behavior>
      </endpointBehaviors>
    </behaviors>
  </system.serviceModel>
paulhe的主页 paulhe | 初学一级 | 园豆:73
提问于:2016-08-06 13:44
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所有回答(1)
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现在判定是服务端配置错误,service里的name属性没有写命名空间,客户端引用后绑定方式还是BasicHttpBinding(自己手动改写是无效的),所以导致以上错误。

解决过程中,自己认为可以分为两部分。一是使用wsHttpBinding绑定方式使数据传输过程中加密,二是X509证书作为一个访问该站点的凭证,更加安全。

 

paulhe | 园豆:73 (初学一级) | 2016-08-22 19:11
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